Citizens with the Saints

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Since Citizens with the Saints is not intended as a work of scholarship, footnotes have been omitted, although reference has been made in the text to the source of a good many of the quotations used.

General background is provided by Philip Carrington, The Anglican Church in Canada, Toronto, Collins, 1963, and T.R. Millman and A.R. Kelley, Atlantic Canada to 1900: A History of The Anglican Church, Toronto, Anglican Book Centre, 1983. The anonymous 1945 publication One Hundred Years of Church Life is also important. Synod journals and the records of the Diocesan Church Society (to 1897) are, of course, basic.

Chapter 1 is a reworking of the first chapter in One Hundred Years of Church Life, supplemented by material from L.N. Harding, "John by Divine Permission, "Journal of The Canadian Church Historical Society, Vol. V111, No. 4, December 1966, and Millman and Kelley, cited above.

Chapter 2 is a revision and expansion of my "John by Divine Permission." Sources may be checked in the original publication. The most important source is W.Q. Ketchum, The Life and Work of The Most Reverend John Medley D.D., Saint John, McMillan, 1893, which contains extensive quotations from Bishop Medley's charges, sermons and addresses. On The Cathedral, see Douglas Richardson's 1966 thesis, Christ Church Cathedral, Fredericton, New Brunswick, a copy of which is in the Archives of the Diocese of Fredericton and Robert L. Watson, Christ Church Cathedral, Fredericton: A History, Fredericton, Bishop and Chapter of Christ Church Cathedral, 1984. E.R. Fairweather's "A Tractarian Patriarch: John Medley of Fredericton" in Canadian Journal of Theology, Vol VI, No. 1, January 1960, deals with Medley's Tractarian credentials and Malcolm Ross, "A Strange Aesthetic Ferment" in The Impossible Sum of our Traditions: Reflections on Canadian Literature, McLelland, 1986, sets forth his broader cultural influence. Details of the difficulties over the Rev. James Hudson may be found in W.A. Spray, David's Kingdom, St. Paul's Church Corporation, Chatham, N.B., 1979.

Chapter 3 relies heavily on F. Lee Potter's M.A. thesis on Bishop Kingdon, available at U.N.B. Library, as well as Canon Shewen's reminiscences in One Hundred Years of Church Life. Millman and Kelley is also useful. E.R. Fairweather's, " A Milestone in Canadian Theology: Bishop Kingdon's God Incarnate" in Canadian Journal of Theology, Vol. IV, No. 2, April 1958 assesses Kingdon as a theologian.

Chapter 4 on Archbishop Richardson combines information from One Hundred Years of Church Life with Janet McLellan Toole's interview with Mrs. Mary Sorensen and Dean Crowfoot's memorial sermon, both available at the diocesan archives. Further material comes from my inadequate research in synod journals of the era. For the episcopal election of 1906, see L.N. Harding, Almost Bishop of Fredericton: The Life and Career of The Venerable Thomas Neales, a paper read to the Workshop in Church History at U.N.B., 1987, available at the diocesan archives. Canon Smithers' career is recalled in Alban F. Bate, A Beloved Parson, Saint John, 1973. A good number of stories about Canon Smithers form part of the "oral tradition" of the diocese. Research now under way should provide a much more complete picture of the Diocese of Fredericton during the Richardson episcopate.

Chapter 5, on Bishop Moorhead, is based on research by Gillian Liebenberg, supplemented by the reminiscences of Archbishop H.L. Nutter.

The major source for Chapters 6 and 7 on Archbishop O'Neil and Archbishop Nutter is again Mrs. Liebenberg's research in the synod journals, supplemented by my own experience and the recollections of Archbishop Nutter and other senior clergy.

For Chapter 8, I must assume complete responsibility. The sources are synod journals and my own perception of the events of Bishop Lemmon's five years in office.